The moves come as Montana is dealing with the spread of the COVID-19 virus, which reached 68 cases statewide Wednesday, a jump of 30% from the previous day.
Urban, more populated counties, have been hardest hit, and especially Gallatin County. Gallatin now has now has 24 known cases, twice what the next closest county has and more than a third of the state's total cases. Nearly 2,200 people have been tested at the state lab in Helena, though providers can also send tests to private labs.
The virus was also found in a patient in Hill County on the Hi-Line for the first time Wednesday, and the state reported its first hospitalization from the coronavirus. The hospitalization figure could include hospitalizations when the test was performed after the patient was admitted to the hospital. An official said the state could not provide more information about the hospitalization because of privacy reasons.
Bullock's election order comes after several candidates in the June primary called for it. Last week Secretary of State Corey Stapleton said his office was taking a "pause" to consider how to proceed. Bullock's office said Wednesday it made the decision in consultation with Stapleton, county election administrators, public health experts, emergency management professionals and political leaders from both parties.
“This is about protecting Montanans’ right to vote at a time we face unprecedented challenges with the COVID-19 pandemic,” Bullock said in a press release. “Locally elected officials best understand the voting needs of their communities, and taking this action now ensures they will have the time to make the right decisions for their localities. I feel confident we can protect both the public’s health and the right to vote with this direction.”
In the press release from the governor's office, Republican Speaker of the House Greg Hertz, of Polson, said he supported Bullock's decision.
“This directive allows counties to choose what is best for their voters and election staff during this state of emergency,” Hertz said in a statement.
While early absentee ballots won't be sent out until May, there are other statutory deadlines and other requirements to prepare for elections that counties face in coming weeks.
Bullock's directive specifically gives counties the choice to conduct mail ballot elections and requires an expansion of early voting for the June 2 primary; provides school districts with additional time to choose to conduct mail ballot elections; and requires counties to establish, implement and enforce social distancing policies at polling locations, designated drop-off locations or other public-facing portions of facilities involved in voting.
Even if a county decides to hold an all-mail June primary election, people can still vote in person during the 30-day early voting window.
Counties must submit plans to the state if they choose to conduct the June primary by mail. Those mail ballots would be released May 8. Early voting would be available in person through the close of the primary June 2.
Voters would not have to pay postage to return ballots by mail.
The social distancing would mean counties must ensure a minimum of 6 feet between people at polling locations, designated drop-off locations or public-facing portions of facilities involved in voting.
Additionally, the directive extends regular voter registration up until 10 days before the election, giving people time to space out that process to avoid crowding facilities.
Bret Rutherford, Yellowstone County elections administrator, said he was going to request an all-mail ballot even before Bullock’s order came down. He’s been talking with his counterparts around the state and thinks the vast majority of counties will opt in as well.
Rutherford said he’s always been supportive of conducting elections by mail, and that 85% of active registered voters in Yellowstone County are already signed up to do so, rather than going in to the polls.
“I’m all about mail ballot," he said, "and then you throw a pandemic in on top of it” and the benefits are even clearer.
Rutherford said his office already has the infrastructure and know-how to move forward with mail-only ballots this spring. His office always keeps a backstock of the necessary envelopes.
Also Wednesday, Bullock requested a waiver from the federal government to give Montana regulatory flexibility to make changes to expand capacity and ease access to health services that are available through Medicare, Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program, or CHIP.
The waiver asks the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to let health care providers in the state change their operations as needs evolve, such as setting up alternative testing sites.
It will also speed enrollment for new Medicaid, Medicare and CHIP providers and reduce administrative burdens, as well as allow providers to share information to trace the spread of the virus and speed up patient care.
The governor has also prohibited nonessential social and recreational gatherings of more than 10 people outside a home or place of residence, if a distance of at least 6 feet between people cannot be maintained. He also told stores to follow rules keeping people 6 feet apart, though he exempted essential places like grocery stores, health care facilities and pharmacies.
— Billings Gazette reporter Phoebe Tollefson contributed to this story.